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The first humans on earth

The first people on earth were ape-men who roamed, robbed of nature, hunters and food gatherers. There are many traces and remains of these wanderers found on the earth. We can form a picture of how they used to live.

Data and historical milestones of the first people on earth
6 million years BC > First man
3 million years BC > Wanderers
100 thousand years BC > The man of Spy
60 thousand years BC > Homo Sapiens
40 thousand years BC > Stone tools and weapons
7500 years BC > Sophisticated tools (polishing of stone)
350 years BC > Cro-Magnon

Weapons and tools
All tools and weapons came directly from nature. Many of the tools first used consist of wood or carved stone. However, bones, tendons, skin and hair were also used to make tools. Silex stones were worked into yielding spearheads and a deer antler served for a variety of tools.
Some items that often appear in numerous excavations are: clubs, hand axes, spears, scrapers, knives, ropes, hooks, spades and more.

The people discovered fire. It was very important because they could grill food, they could heat up and defend their self.

Spears and knives were used during the hunt. But also pits and barriers were used to catch wild animals. During the chase they made sure that they were against the wind, so the animals could not smell them. They also disguised themselves with reindeer skins so to get as close to their prey as possible without the animals were shocked by their presence. Animal furs were worn with the fur inside.

For fishing they used spears with barbs so the fish hung on the spear.

The main tasks of the women
They mainly gathered fruits, were catching fish, bird nest robbing, digging roots, tanning animal skins, making baskets of woven reeds ... But they also take care of the newborn babies and children.

The main tasks of the men
They went hunting on small and large animals. They had to defend their tribe against other tribes or dangerous wild animals.

Living among the first people
The first people did not live long in the same place. As soon as the food was run out in a particular area, they moved on to a more nutrient-rich area. They moved around from one area to another. They lived in tents sails of animal-skins, hides in caves or huts made ​​of branches, skins or straw. They never lived far from a river or pond so they could easily get to water.

The first people wore clothes of pelts and skins of animals. Women also tanned animal skins to have a nice soft supple skin.

Living in group
The first people have always lived in small herds or groups, also called a stem with a chieftain. The more people in a group the better they could hunt and defend. Living in a small group has also the advantage that the food they consumed in their habitat run out quickly.

The first people traded with other tribes, for example, exchange flint against animal skins or food.

The animals at the time of the first people
Most of the animals we know today also occurred during their period. There were reindeer, bears, wild horses, chamois, wolves, bison ... But also the extinct mammoth took part of their world. These have been extinct for years. Many of the animals that lived during that period of time looked a little different than we know them now. In all these years, these also evolved like the humans did. Although they are not as evolved as the almighty humans.

The first people believed in natural forces who offered them as Gods.
They drawn and paints on stones and rock ​​to obtain the power over animals and to obtain more insight into the hunt, I think of the tactics to lure a herd of animals into a trap.
They gave sacrifices to protect themselves from evil phenomena or to favorably the Gods.
They buried their dead carefully. Many of these tribes believed in the afterlife.
Plenty of great artistic stones where mint to be graves:
- Menhirs: large upright stones
- Dolmens: large stones serve two smaller stones are

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