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Types of thermal insulation materials and their properties

Below we discuss the most common thermal insulation materials. What are their good qualities and what Lambda values have these materials? It is important to know that: the lower the Lambda value is, the better the material insulates. Also true is when the insulation materials gets thicker from 5 cm to 10 cm, for example, that we should not assume that the thickness of 10 cm can isolat 2 times better. On the contrary, the thicker the better, but there is a weakening of the thermal insulation value when the same thermal insulation material get's thicker and thicker. For example: a EPS plate of 60 mm has a Lambda value of 0,085 W/mK, an EPS plate of 120 mm has a Lambda value: 0,035 W/mK.
Go to our conclusion at the bottom of this page to see what's the best insulation material for now and in the near future!

PUR (PU) (Polyurethane)

Can be uses as solid plates and as a foam spray.
PUR is a plastic material made from oil and has the disadvantage that it is highly flammable.
Mainly used in cavity walls.

Characteristics and properties:
- Lambda d-value: 0,027 W/mK.

PIR (Poly Isocyanate)

Plastic produced under addition of catalysts and propellants with isocyanides.
PIR is more improved against fire than PUR. PIR creates less flue gases but is still highly flammable.
Can be both in solid plates, the most plates are coated with a vapor-tight or bituminous layer.
PIR is also flameproof so they are ideal for use in floors and flat roofs, but also in cavity walls.

Characteristics and properties:
- Lambda d-value: between 0,023 W/mK and 0,026 W/mK.
- Heat Storage Capacity c: 1200 J/kgK
- Volume Mass: 30 kg/m³
- Diffusion Resistance (µ-value): 60 - 80
- Fire Class: B, S2, d0

EPS (Expended Polystyrene) (ISOMO)
Produced by suspension polymerization of styrene.
EPS looks like light, white, expanded granules of a few millimeters.

Characteristics and properties: of 60 mm EPS ISOMO:
- Lambda d-value 90/90 ld: 0,038 W/mK
- Volume Mass, where the l-value is minimal: between 30 and 50 kg/m³
- Diffusion Resistance (µ-value): 20 - 50
- Compressive Strength by 10% distortion: 60
- Flexural Strength: 100

Is perfectly fireproof, even against temperatures above 1000°C. In other words non-combustible.
Rockwool encases stationary air. Stationary air is the best natural thermal insulation material.
There is always a seamless connection between the insulation and the material where it can be applied against. Rockwool can be pressed in so you can have a seamless connection between the isolation and the material which in turn increase the insulation value itself, because the fewer holes and crevices, the better insulating between the materials.
Rockwool also ensures an excellent sound insulation. In other words it has a high sound absorption.

Characteristics and properties:
- Lambda d-value : 0,034 W/mK - 0,043 W/mK

Cork boards are made with cork granules and are 100% natural, derived from the bark of cork oak. By heating the cork it expands so it can get rid of any resins.
Can be obtained in plates or loose grains.
Cork is ideal as floor finish.
Has also an excellent sound insulation.
The insulation value of cork barely takes off with time and cannot be (by nature) affected by mice.
Cork is environmentally friendly because it is almost recyclable for 100%.

Characteristics and properties:
- Lambda d-value: 0,038 - 0,040 W/mK
- Heat Storage Capacity c: 1670 J/kgK
- Volume Mass: 110 - 180 kg/m³
- Diffusion Resistance (µ-value): 25 - 30
- Fire Class : B2

During the process, air bubbles come in the grain, these provide the insulating properties.
It's for 100 percent natural, because it entirely consists of clay.
It is mainly used as insulating chappe and in concrete applications.

Characteristics and properties of a 15 cm thick chappe:
- Lambda d-value: 0,832 W/mK

From our equations we can say that PIR insulation is the best thermal isolation for now and in the next generation of buildings where we need more and more thermal isolation. PUR-isolation, which is currently the standard for high-quality insulation applications, will be replaced in the near future by the higher-grade PIR insulation.


kamentz ivanov said...

Is completely fireproof, even in opposition to temperatures above a thousand°C. In different phrases non-combustible.
Rockwool encases stationary air. Stationary air is the best pure thermal insulation material.

Miracle Electronics said...

Different type of insulated copper conductor windings are used in power transformers for example paper covered rectangular copper conductor, twin paper covered rectangular copper conductor bunched together.
Power transformers in India | Toroidal transformer in India

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